DEUTSCH, GOTTHARD


DEUTSCH, GOTTHARD
DEUTSCH, GOTTHARD (1859–1921), historian and theologian. Deutsch was born in Dolné Kounice (Kanitz), Moravia. He studied at the Breslau Jewish Theological Seminary and at Vienna University, and was ordained by isaac hirsch weiss . Deutsch first served as teacher of religion at Bruenn and as rabbi in Most (Bruex, Bohemia). In 1891 he accepted a position as professor of Jewish history and philosophy at Hebrew Union College, Cincinnati, where he became one of the leading spokesmen of Reform Judaism. Deutsch succeeded Isaac Meyer Wise as editor of the German-American monthly Deborah in 1901, and also contributed articles in English and German to several Jewish and general periodicals. Deutsch was known for his sympathies toward Orthodoxy despite his intellectual disagreement. He prayed at an Orthodox synagogue in Cincinnati. His German roots and appreciation of things German proved problematic at the beginning of World War I As anti-German sentiment spread throughout the United States there was a move afoot to dismiss him from the HUC faculty. He belonged to the moderates in the Reform movement, and although not a Zionist he greatly sympathized with many aspects of Zionism. He was editor of the modern Jewish history division of the Jewish Encyclopedia. Deutsch, while in many ways an original historian who devoted meticulous attention to detail and motivations, did not write a major account of Jewish history, and most of his published work is in the form of essays and lectures. He wrote Scrolls, Essays on Jewish History and Literature (3 vols., 1917–20), Memorable Dates of Jewish History (1904), and History of the Jews (1904). Deutsch wrote a German novel, Unloesbare Fesseln (1903), and a historical play in English, Israel Bruna (1908). A son of Deutsch was HERMANN BACHER DEUTSCH (1889–1970), writer and journalist. -BIBLIOGRAPHY: Hebrew Union College Monthly, 8 (1922), 117–55; G.A. Dobbert, in: AJA, 20 (1968), 129–55; M. Raisin, Great Jews I Have Known (1952), 143–52; Bloch, in: Sefer ha-Shanah li-Yhudei Amerikah, 6 (1942), 451–61. ADD. BIBLIOGRAPHY: M.A. Cohen, "History," in: Hebrew Union College-Jewish Institute of Religion at 100 (1976); K.M. Olitzsky, L.J. Sussman, and M.H. Stern (eds.), Reform Judaism in America: A Biographical Dictionary and Sourcebook (1993).

Encyclopedia Judaica. 1971.

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  • Deutsch, Gotthard — (1859 1921)    American historian and theologian of Moravian origin. He became professor of Jewish history and philosophy at the Hebrew Union College, Cincinnati, in 1891. In 1901 he succeeded Isaac Mayer Wise as editor of Deborah. He published… …   Dictionary of Jewish Biography

  • Gotthard Deutsch — (31 January 1859 ndash; 14 October 1921), also spelled Gottard Deutsch, was a scholar of Jewish history. EducationDeutsch was born in Kanitz, Moravia, Austria, as Eliezer Deutsch, the son of Bernhard L. Deutsch, a merchant, and Elise Wiener. He… …   Wikipedia

  • Gotthard Jäschke — (* 8. April 1894 in Oberpeilau, Schlesien; † 29. Dezember 1983 in Essen Kettwig) war ein Orientalist und Turkologe,[1][2] der die Beschreibung der modernen Entwicklung der Türkei seit dem Wirken Kemal Atatürks maßgeblich betrieben und geprägt hat …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Gotthard Fritzsche — Gotthard Daniel Fritzsche (* 20. Juli 1797 in Liebenwerda; † 26. Oktober 1863 in Lobethal, Adelaide Hills) war ein Theologe und Mitbegründer der Evangelisch Lutherischen Kirche Australiens. Leben Grab von Gotthard Daniel Fritzsche …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Gotthard Neumann — Gotthard Arno Ernst Neumann (* 8. Juni 1902 in Schwabsdorf; † 29. April 1972 in Jena), deutscher Prähistoriker, der von 1934 bis 1941 und 1953 bis 1967 als Professor für Ur und Frühgeschichte an der Friedrich Schiller Universität Jena wirkte und… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Gotthard Daniel Fritzsche — (* 20. Juli 1797 in Liebenwerda; † 26. Oktober 1863 in Lobethal, Adelaide Hills) war ein Theologe und Mitbegründer der Evangelisch Lutherischen Kirche Australiens. Leben Grab von Gotthard Daniel Fritzsch …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Gotthard von Timroth — (* 8. Februar 1868 in Riga; † 11. November 1941 in Dresden) war ein deutsch baltischer Offizier und Generalmajor in der Kaiserlich Russischen Armee. Gotthard war ein Nachkomme des deutsch baltischen Geschlechtes Timroth in Kurland. Das… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Gotthard B. Schicker — Gotthard Bruno Schicker (* 18. Oktober 1946 in Annaberg) ist ein deutscher Publizist und Verleger. Leben Der gelernte Konditor Schicker war in der DDR Bewegung “Junge Talente” aktiv, sang am Annaberger Eduard von Winterstein Theater, im… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

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  • Gotthard Jedlicka — (* 6. Mai 1899 in Zürich; † 9. November 1965 in Duisburg) war ein Schweizer Kunsthistoriker und Schriftsteller. Inhaltsverzeichnis 1 Leben 2 Werke (Auswahl) 3 …   Deutsch Wikipedia


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